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                    "Famous" Semantics Words 3                             
                               2000 - 2001
          
blatherskite        (BLATH-uhr-skyt)    n.    [<Old Norse + <Old Norse]
    
                              a blustering, talkative, and often
                                incompetent person
     
                                      If the teacher calls on Jason, the school blatherskite,
                                      we will have to listen to another long-winded tirade.
    
                                     (First appeared in PAIDEIA in 1997 - Talk About It.  The winning
                                      word for Victoria Segal of Morey Middle School when she won
                                      the 2006 "City Orals" Spelling Bee.)
      
vitreous        (VIT-ree-uhs)    adj.    [<Latin]
    
                            resembling glass
      
                             Geologists have found vitreous rocks near dormant volcanoes.
    
                             (First appeared in PAIDEIA in 2000 - English, Latin, & Greek.  The
                              winning word for Lindsay Miller of the Denver School of the Arts
                              when she won the 2000 City Oral Spelling Bee.  On the Colorado
                              State Spelling Bee written test in 2016.)
    
sphygmomanometer        (sfig-moh-muh-NAWM-uh-duhr)
                                                             n.    [<ISV<Greek]
    
                                      an instrument for measuring blood pressure
    
                                 A physician wraps a sphygmomanometer around a patient’s
                                   arm and inflates it to measure arterial blood pressure.
    
                                 (First appeared in PAIDEIA in 1995 - Devices.  On the City
                                   Written Spelling Test in 1996.  The longest word in Words of
                                   the Champions, 1985.)
   
muumuu        (MOO-moo)    n.    <Hawaiian]
      
                        a loose dress worn chiefly in Hawaii, having bright colors
                        and patterns, and adapted from the dresses originally
                        distributed by missionaries to the native women
    
                              Melani wore a muumuu designed with colorful beach scenes
                              and pineapple trees.
   
                              (A tautonym - a word composed of two identical parts. 
                               Appears in How to Spell Like a Champ, p. 145)
                 
tintinnabulation        (tin-tuh-nab-yuh-LAY-shuhn)    n.    [<Latin + Ecf]
    
                        the ringing or sounding of bells; a jingling sound like bells
   
                                  The splashing and tintinnabulation of country-scented
                                         showers fell softly upon our ears.
      
                                         (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1953.)
      
sinistral        (SIN-uhs-truhl)    [<Latin]
   
                      (adj.) inclined toward the left; left-handed
                      (n.) a left-handed person
    
                      As a sinistral student I find writing on right-handed desks quite awkward.
     
                              (First appeared in PAIDEIA in 1995 - Orientation. On the Colorado
                               State Written Test in 1996 and the City Written test in 2014.)
      
strengths        (strayng(k)ths)    n. pl.    [<English]
       
                          strong qualities; forceful attributes
   
                               Marge has many strengths of personality, not the least of which
                                 is a great sense of humor.
    
                         (The longest everyday word in the English language with only one vowel.)
      
bourgeoisie        (buhrzh-waw-ZEE)    n.    [<French]
      
                             the social class between the very wealthy and the
                             working class; the middle class
            
                                   American economic success is dominated by a large and
                                   prosperous bourgeoisie.
    
                         (The winning word for Greg Kerwin of Christ the King School when he won
                           the 1973 Colorado State Spelling Bee.  The "waw" sound is spelled "oi"
                           in words derived from French.  Appears in How to Spell Like a Champ,
                           p. 68.  On the Colorado State Written Test in 1982 and 2007.)
              
etymology        (et-uh-MAWL-uh-jee)    n.    [<Greek]
     
                            the origin and development of words; the science of
                             word origins 
       
                                    Semantics students study the etymology of words.
    
                                   (On the City Written Spelling Test in 1983, 2007, and 2010.)
     
daguerreotype        (duh-GER-uh-typ)    n.   
                                                                           [<French name + <French<Latin]
      
                                an old type of photograph produced on a chemically
                                treated silver plate or a silver-coated copper plate
    
                                          The Civil War photograph is most likely a daguerreotype.
    
                         (An eponym from Louis Jacque Mandé Daguerre [1789-1851], a French
                           painter who invented the process of obtaining permanent pictures on
                           metal plates.  On the Colorado State Written Test in 1976 and the City
                           Written Test in 1999.  First appeared in PAIDEIA in 1995 - O Pioneers!)
                                
brouhaha        (BROO-haw-haw)    n.    [<French<Hebrew]
           
                          state of confusion; uproar; hullabaloo; hubbub; furor
     
                                 When Joe’s pet rat got loose at the party it created
                                    a regular brouhaha.
    
                       (On the City Written Spelling Test in 1986, 1995, 2000, and 2013
                        and on the Colorado State Written Test in 1972, 1983, and 1995.)
         
gesundheit        (guh-ZUHNT-hyt)    interjection    [<German]
      
                            used to wish good health especially to someone who
                             has just sneezed
    
                         Each time Roy sneezed, "Ah-choo!," Connie responded, "Gesundheit!"
   
                          (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1978 and in Spell It! in
                           2007 - Words from German.  Appears in How to Spell Like a Champ, p. 76)
         
uncomplimentary        (un-kawm-pluh-MEN-tuh-ree)   adj.    [<Latin + Ecf]
    
                                           derogatory; not kind or respectful
                  
                                             Marcus did not appreciate the uncomplimentary remarks
                                             about his appearance.
     
                                                 (Contains each of the 5 vowels in reverse order.)
     
molybdenum        (muh-LIB-duh-nuhm)    n.    [<Latin]
    
                               a silvery-white metallic chemical element (symbol Mo)
                                used to harden steel
   
                                        Mines near Climax, Colorado, produce the world’s largest
                                         supply of molybdenum.
     
                              (Tough to pronounce, it first appeared in PAIDEIA in 1995 - Elements.
                                On the Colorado State Written Test in 2008.)
     
scree        (skree)    n.    [<Scandinavian]
     
                   a heap of stones or rocky debris lying on a slope
                    or at the base of a cliff
   
                         The steep, scree strewn slopes made slow going for the climbers.
   
                         (The winning word for Evelyn Eisele, a home schooler, when she won
                           the 2000 Colorado State Spelling Bee.)
   
renaissance        (REN-uh-sawnts)    n.    [<French]
    
                         derived from the French word meaning "rebirth," it means
                         "rebirth" and refers to the historic period of great revival
                         of art and learning in Europe in the 14th, 15th, and 16th
                         centuries
     
                            William Shakespeare is the most famous of the renaissance writers.
   
                             (The period in which thousands of Latinate words were added to the
                               English language.  First appeared in Spell It! in 2007 - Words from
                               French.  On the Colorado State Written Test in 1965 and 1981
                               and on the City Written Test in 2001.)
    
efficacy        (EF-uh-kuh-see)    n.    [<Latin]
    
                      effectiveness; that which produces the desired result
     
                            The efficacy of the new drug cannot be determined without
                             years of research into its side effects.
    
                           (Submitted by students from Martin Luther King Efficacy Academy. 
                            First appeared in PAIDEIA in 1998 - Emma.  On the DPS City
                            Written spelling test in 2013.)
   
stegosaurus        (steg-uh-SOHR-uhs)    n.    [<Latin]
    
                              a large dinosaur with pointed, bony plates along
                               the backbone                              
    
                                     Most of the known Jurassic remains of stegosaurus have
                                     been found in Colorado and Wyoming.
          
                                     (The official state fossil of Colorado.)
                 
contretemps        (KAWN-truh-tawnz), (KOHN-truh-tawnz)
                                                                      n. pl.    [<French + <Latin]
              
                           embarrassing situations; mishaps; awkward occurrences
   
                                     Tom is frequently mixed up in contretemps for which he
                                       has no explanation.
    
                                    (The most missed word on the 2000 City Written Spelling
                                      Test.  Appears in How to Spell Like a Champ, p. 71.)
    
demarche        (day-MAWRSH)    n.    [<French]
   
                           a diplomatic move, counter move, or maneuver;
                            a course of action
              
                                  The ambassador’s demarche was appropriate and designed not
                                   to offend any of the foreign dignitaries.
   
                                 (The winning word for George Trampy of St. Louis when he won
                                   the 2000 National Spelling Bee.)
 


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