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                          "Famous" Semantics Words 2
                                     1999 - 2000                                            
        
paideia        (py-DAY-uh)    n.    [<Greek]
   
                    the training of the physical and mental faculties in such a
                    way as to produce a broad enlightened mature outlook,
                    harmoniously combined with maximum cultural development
                    (i.e. the general learning that should be the possession of
                    all human beings)
    
                         The long and noble tradition of paideia made it impossible for any
                         Greek to write a worthy book merely to record facts.
    
                          (Comparable to the Latin derived word humanities, it was chosen
                            as the title of the Scripps-Howard National Spelling Bee study
                            book in 1995.  On the City Written Spelling Test in 1995.)
      
misspell        (mis-SPEL)    v.    [<Old Norse]
   
                     to incorrectly name the order of the letters in a word
   
                               It is a sin for a semantics student to misspell this word.
  
                     (Appears in How to Spell Like a Champ, p. 119.  On the City Written Test 
                      in 1985, 1996, 2007, and 2015 and the Colorado State Written Test
                      in 1973.  On the World Almanac’s list of commonly misspelled words.)
   
sesquipedalian        (ses-kwuh-puh-DAYL-yuhn)    adj.    [<Latin]
   
                                  long; having many syllables; characterized by
                                  the use of long words
    
                                           The directions in the manual are confusing and
                                           full of sesquipedalian technical terms.
  
                                          (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1953.  On
                                           the City Written Spelling Test in 1984 and 2008.  On
                                           the Colorado State Written Test in 2009.)
    
pyrometer        (py-RAWM-uh-duhr)    n.    [<ISV<Greek]
   
                           an instrument that measures temperatures
    
                               An exterior pyrometer indicates the oven’s interior temperature.
   
                             (The winning word for John de Jong of Smiley Middle School when
                               he won the 1999 City Oral Spelling Bee.  First appeared in PAIDEIA
                               in 1995 - Devices.)
      
bookkeeper        (BUHK-kee-puhr)    n.    [<English]
   
                             one who maintains accounts
   
                                     As a bookkeeper for his company, Mr. Arnold is aware of
                                     all profits and expenditures.
     
                                    (The only word in Webster’s Third New International Unabridged
                                     Dictionary that contains three consecutive double letters.  First
                                     appeared in PAIDEIA in 1996 - Making a Living and in Spell It!
                                     in 2008 - Words from Old English.  On the City Written Spelling
                                     Test in 1984 and 1996.)
   
octogenarian        (awk-tuh-juh-NER-ee-uhn)    n.    [<Latin + Ecf]
     
                                      a person in their 80s
        
                                   Although an octogenarian, Grandma is agile and of sharp mind.
   
                                    (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1953.)
   
asphyxiate        (uh-SFIKS-ee-ayt)    v.    [<Latin<Greek + Ecf]
   
                        to kill, to suspend animation in, or to render unconscious
                        through want of adequate oxygen or the presence of
                        noxious agents
  
                                Buildups of carbon monoxide in a closed garage can
                                  asphyxiate the unaware.
  
                                (Appeared on the City Written Test in 1972 and the State Written
                                 Test in 1976, 1978, and 1985.)
           
redivider        (ree-duh-VY-duhr)    n.    [<English<Latin]
      
                             one who cuts or separates into parts again
    
                                The original partition in the room was replaced with a redivider
                                to equalize the two sections.
     
                               (The longest everyday word in the English language [9 letters] that
                                 is a palindrome, spelled the same way frontwards and backwards)
       
millennium        (muh-LEN-ee-uhm)    n.    [<Latin]
    
                                  a period of 1,000 years
   
                                 The year 2000 was the last year of the second millennium A.D.
    
                       (On the World Almanac’s list of commonly misspelled words.  Appears
                        in How to Spell Like a Champ, p. 44 and 119.  On the State Written
                        Test in 1961 and the City Written Test in 1985, 1998, and 2000.) 
  
iiwi        (ee-EE-wee)    n.    [<Hawaiian]
   
                a bright red Hawaiian bird formerly hunted for its plumage
                to be used in ceremonial feather cloaks
  
                   Ever since the iiwi was placed on the endangered species list,
                   Hawaiians have used synthetic feathers for ceremonial purposes.
     
                     (Appeared on the City Written Spelling Test in 1999.)
            
onomatopoeia        (awn-uh-maw-tuh-PEE-uh)    n.    [<Latin<Greek]
    
                                 the formation of words by imitating sounds
                                    (as buzz, hiss, kerplunk)
   
                                          The action scenes in comic strips are full of examples
                                           of onomatopoeia.
  
                                          (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1953.
                                            On the National Written Spelling Test in 2004.)
   
rendezvous        (RAWN-day-voo)    n.    [<French]
    
                             a meeting at an appointed place and time 
   
                        The astronauts completed a rendezvous with the orbiting space station.
  
                               (Has a silent "z".  Appears in How to Spell Like a Champ, p. 68.
                                On the City Written Spelling Test in 2008, 2013 and 2016. 
                                First appeared
in Spell It! in 2008 - Words from French.)
   
charisma        (kuh-RIZ-muh)    n.    [<Greek]
    
                         a personal magic of leadership arousing a special popular
                         loyalty or enthusiasm; a special magnetic charm or appeal
   
                               As president, he had a charisma unmatched by his predecessors.
   
                               (This term gained wide use during the 1960s to describe President
                                 John F. Kennedy.)
       
phantasmagoric      (fan-taz-muh-GOHR-ik)    adj.    [<French<Latin<Greek]
     
                                 describes a rapid sequence of images, as in a dream
    
                                         Phantasmagoric images raced through his mind, hinting
                                         at an eventful future.
   
                                          (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1953.)
    
abecedarius        (ay-bee-se-DER-ee-uhs)    n.    [<Latin]
   
                              a poem in which the lines begin with the letters of the
                              alphabet in regular order
   
                                     To amuse his readers, Ogden Nash wrote an abecedarius.
        
                                      (Most misspelled word on the 1999 City Written Spelling Test.
                                       First appeared in PAIDEIA in 1997 - Literary Terms.  On the
                                       Colorado State Written Test in 1983.)
    
googol        (GOO-guhl)    n.    [coined by Milton Sirotta, 9-year old nephew of
                                                          American mathematician Dr. Edward Kasner]
    
                     the numeral "1" followed by 100 zeroes and equal to 10100
   
                                The numerical amount described by a googol is beyond
                                   our comprehension.
    
                          (First appeared in PAIDEIA in 2002 - Spelling Counts.)
    
denouement        (day-noo-MAWN)    n.    [<French<Latin]
    
                               the final outcome; the unraveling of a plot in a
                                drama; the final solution of a mystery
   
                                       Many good mysteries are written around, not toward,
                                         their denouement.
   
                                       (Appears in How to Spell Like a Champ, p. 71.  On the
                                        Colorado State Written Test in 1973 and 1982.)
   
logorrhea        (lawg-uh-REE-uh)    n.    [<Latin]
    
                           excessive and often incoherent talkativeness
    
                          "You must have logorrhea!" the teacher told the loquacious student.
  
                         (The winning word for Nupur Lala of Tampa, Florida, when she won the
                          1999 Nation Spelling Bee.  Nupur and seven other spellers were the
                          subject of the 2002 documentary film Spellbound that was nominated
                          for an Academy Award for best documentary.)
   
tsunami        (soo-NAW-mee)    n.    [<Japanese]
    
                     a tidal wave; a great sea wave caused by seismic activity  
   
                          Shortly after the earthquake, the tsunami hit a coastal town
                          destroying its piers and waterfront buildings.
     
                           (First appeared in PAIDEIA in 1996 - What on Earth?  On the Colorado
                            State Written Test in 2000.  Appears in How to Spell Like a Champ
                            on page 81.  Surname of the title character in the Disney film 
                            Johhny Tsunami.)
    
pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis      
                          n.    [<Latin + ISV]
 (NOO-muh-noh-ul-truh-my-kruh-SKAWP-ik-sil-uh-koh-vawl-kay-noh-kohn-ee-OH-suhs)
   
                         a lung disease in miners caused by inhaling fine
                         particles of mineral dust
    
                       George’s deep cough was diagnosed as
                       pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis resulting
                       from his years of digging coal underground.
   
                     (The longest word in Webster’s Third New International Unabridged
                      Dictionary, 45 letters and 19 syllables.)


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