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                               "Famous" Semantics Words
                                  2014- 2015
            
hallelujah       (hal-uh-LOO-yuh)    interjection    [<Hebrew]
             
                            used to express praise or thanks 
           
                               Andy yelled, "Hallelujah!" when he found out that he had
                                passed the math test.
                         
                            (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1981 and
                              in Scripps grade-specific 9th grade word list in 2013.)
            
krill        (kril)   n.    [<Norwegian]
   
                planktonic crustaceans and larvae that constitute
                 the principal food of whalebone whales
    
                     Researchers are studying ways to process protein-rich
                      krill into human food.
      
                    (First appeared in Paideia in 2006 - Down by the Sea.)
  
jiggety        (JIG-uh-tee)   adj.    [probably<French<Germanic]
   
                      moving with fits and starts; jerky; unsteady
    
                          My hands are so jiggety that I can hardly hold the
                            paper steady to read it.
      
                         (On the National Spelling Bee written test in 2011 and the
                          City Written spelling test in 2016.)
  
concomitant        (kawn-KAWM-uh-tuhnt)   adj.    [<Latin]
   
                             occurring along with or at the same as
  
                              Mr. Simmons noted that his sons poor grades in algebra
                              were concomitant with the start of the basketball season.
      
                    (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1953 and in Paideia in 2004
                     - It’s About Time.  On the Colorado State Written Test in 1995.  The word
                     was misspelled by Tia Karkos of Slavens School when she finished
                     runner-up to Himanvi Kopuri of Hamilton Middle School at the District
                     Orals Championship Spelling Bee in 2013.)
 
hurdy-gurdy        (huhr-dee-GUHR-dee)   n.    [probably imitative]
     
                             a stringed instrument resembling a lute in which the
                             sound is produced by the friction of a rosined wheel
                             turned by a crank against the strings and the pitches
                             are varied by a set of mechanical keys 
    
                                  The hurdy-gurdy is also called a barrel organ or a street piano.
      
                    (On March 8, 2014 hurdy-gurdy became the first hyphenated word ever used
                      at the Colorado State Spelling Bee.  It was correctly spelled by Alex Jurich
                      of Hamilton Middle School, the eventual state champion.)
  
speciesism        (SPEE-sheez-iz-uhm)   n.    [<Latin]
   
                            prejudice based on species, especially discrimination
                            against animals; the assumption of human superiority
    
                              Speciesism is a term used by animal rights advocates when
                              protesting the mistreatment of various animal groups by humans.
      
                              (The term was coined in 1970 by Richard Ryder to point out that the
                               exploitation of animals or the causing of them to suffer at the hands
                               of humans was morally wrong.)
  
diptych      (DIP-tik)   n.    [<Latin<Greek]
   
                   a picture or series of pictures painted on two tablets  
                    connected by hinges
    
                           The church’s altarpiece is a Byzantine diptych.
      
                    (Diptych was the winning word for Alex Jurich of Hamilton Middle School when
                     he won the 2014 Colorado State Spelling Bee.  First appeared in Paideia in
                     2002 - Spelling Counts.  Diptych was on the Colorado State Spelling Bee
                     written test in 1982.)
       
lemur        (LEE-muhr)    n.    [<Latin]
    
                    a small, tree-dwelling primate with large eyes formerly
                    widespread but now largely confined to Madagascar
 
            The lemur is lower on the evolutionary scale and less intelligent than a monkey.
  
                       (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1981
                        and in Paideia in 1997 - Mammals.)
  
resuscitate        (ree-SUS-uh-tayt)    v.    [<Latin]
 
                          to revive from apparent death or from unconsciousness
  
                                  A young intern pushed through the crowd to resuscitate
                                  the unconscious child.
  
                           (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1953.  On the Colorado
                           State Written Test in 1976 and 1984 and the City Written Test in 2015.)
  
piteous        (PIT-ee-uhs)    adj.    [<English<French]
  
                         arousing sorrow or compassion for another’s
                          suffering or misfortune
 
                       The piteous kitten stood shivering in the snow.
  
                        (First appeared in Paideia in 1998 - A Wrinkle in Time
                          On the Colorado State Written Test in 1964.)
        
desiccate        (DES-uh-kayt)    v.    [<Latin]
 
                       to dry up; to dry out completely; to deprive of moisture
  
                            The hot sunshine and the dry wind combined to desiccate
                             Martha’s tomato plants.
  
                                (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1953.
                                  On the 2015 City Written spelling test.)
   
cachinnate        (KAK-uh-nayt)    v.    [<Greek]
 
                              to laugh loudly or convulsively
   
                                  The comedy club’s audience began to cachinnate
                                   after the first side-splitting monologue.
  
                            (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1991.  
                             On the Colorado State Written Test in 2003.
     
archaeopteryx        (awr-kee-AWP-tuhr-iks    n.    [<Greek]
  
                                 a primitive reptile-like bird of the Upper Jurassic
                              known only from a few fossils found in Europe and
                         having a long slender tail with feathers along each side 
  
                               Only seven archaeopteryx fossils have been found to this point.
  
                          (Some scientists consider archaeopteryx to be the first bird, living about
                            150 million years ago, but most consider it an intermediate species
                            between birds flying around today and the Jurassic dinosaurs.)
   
whippersnapper        (HWIP-uhr-sanp-uhr)    n.    [<unknown]
  
                                 an insignificant or presumptuous person; a young
                                 person who annoys older people by being very
                                 confident and acting like someone important 
  
                                          My little cousin Eric is a bothersome whippersnapper.
  
                              (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1979.)
  
Beefalo        (BEEF-uh-loh)    n.    [<blend of beef and buffalo]
 
                       a breed of beef cattle developed in the United States
                       that is genetically 5/8 domestic bovine and 3/8 North
                       American buffalo
  
                            Sandwiches made with Beefalo meat tend to be much more
                             expensive than regular hamburgers. 
  
                            (This word was submitted by Bryn Flanigan, a 6th grader at GALS,
                             who misspelled it at the 2014 Colorado State Spelling Bee.  It was
                             later spelled correctly at the Scripps National Spelling Bee by 2014
                             Colorado State Spelling Bee champion Alex Jurich of Hamilton
                             Middle School.)
 
panettone        (pan-uh_TOHN-ee)    n.    [<Italian]
 
                       a holiday bread containing raisins and candied fruit peels 
  
                              Ted received a panettone in the mail from his Italian grandmother.
 
patzer        (PAWTS-uhr)    n.    [<German]
 
                         an inept chess player
  
                            When Drew won the chess game so easily, he jokingly called
                             his opponent a "patzer."
  
rescind        (ruh-SIND), (ree-SIND)    v.    [<Latin]
 
                       to do away with; to remove; to revoke; to cancel
  
                        If passed, the senator’s new bill would rescind several outdated laws.
  
                           (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1953 and in Paideia in
                            1995 - Government.  On the Colorado State Written Test in 1976.)
 
recumbentibus        (rek-uhm-BENT-uh-buhs)    n.    [<Latin]
 
                                   a knockdown blow
  
                            The little old lady gave the purse snatcher a recumbentibus
                            that stunned witnesses and made her a folk hero. 
 
pilaster        (puh-LAS-tuhr)    n.    [<French<Italian<Latin<Greek]
 
                       in architecture a supporting column projecting
                       partially from a wall
  
                        The architect explained that the pilaster was merely a decoration
                        and removing it for the room’s renovation would be permissible. 
  
                         (First appeared in Paideia in 1995 - Architecture.  On the 1997
                          Colorado State Written Test and the 2015 City Written Test.)
   
  


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