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                               "Famous" Semantics Words
                                  2013- 2014
            
nuance       (NOO-uhnts)    n.    [<French<Latin]
             
                     a slight difference; a minute variation; a subtle distinction 
           
                           The music critic took notes on every nuance of the performance.
                         
                            (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1981 and
                              in Scripps grade-specific 9th grade word list in 2013.)
            
telegnosis        (tel-uh-NOH-suhs), (tel-uhg-NOH-suhs)   n.    [<Greek]
   
                          knowledge of distant happenings obtained by occult
                          or unknown means; clairvoyance
    
                               The phychic claimed to have telegnosis of events happening
                                on the other side of the Atlantic.
      
                                 (Contains the Greek root -gnosis meaning knowledge.)
         
numnah        (NUM-nuh)    n.    [<Hindi]
    
                        a felt or sheepskin pad placed between a horse’s
                          back and the saddle to prevent chafing
 
                              The herdsman rode bareback rather than risk injury
                               to his horse without a numnah.
  
                               (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1979
                                and in PAIDEIA in 1995 - Horses.  On the City Written
                                spelling test in 2014.)
  
sergeant        (SAWR-juhnt)    n.    [<English<French<Latin]
 
                          a noncomissioned officer ranking just above a corporal
  
                              Just after they had completed a 5-mile run, the drill
                               sergeant had the soldiers drop an do 100 pushups.
  
                               (This word was misspelled by 2012 Colorado State Spelling Bee
                                 runner-up Himanvi Kopuri of Hamilton Middle School when she
                                 finished in 10th place at the 5th annual Macy’s spelling bee.)
  
croquembouche        (krawk-awn-boosh)    n.    [<French]
  
                                   a cone-shaped stack of cream puffs
                                    coated with caramelized sugar
 
                        A croquembouche is a traditional type of French wedding cake.
  
                        (This word was spelled correctly by Sawyer Markham of Hamilton Middle
                          School at the 2012 Summer Semantics championship spelling bee.)
        
carnivorous        (kawr-NIV-uhr-uhs)    adj.    [<Latin]
 
                                 flesh eating
  
                                    Members of the cat family are carnivorous, from
                                     the lion down to the house cat.
  
                                (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1953
                                  and in Spell It! in 2007 - Words from Latin.)
   
herbivorous        (huhr-BIV-uhr-uhs)    adj.    [<Latin]
 
                              feeding chiefly on grass or other plants
   
                                     Most insects are herbivorous, and feed on virtually
                                     every part of a plant, from the flower to the root.
  
                            (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1994, in PAIDEIA  
                             in 1999 - Insects, and in Spell It! in 2007 - Words from Latin.) 
     
omnivorous        (awm-NIV-uhr-uhs)    adj.    [<Latin]
  
                                  eating any sort of food
  
                                    Daniel, an omnivorous soul, loves steak and salad for supper.
  
                                  (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1969 and in Spell It! in
                                    2007 - Words from latin.  On the 2007 City Written spelling test.)
   
cioppino        (chuh-PEE-noh)    n.    [<Italian]
  
                            a dish of fish cooked in tomato sauce and
                          usually seasoned with wine, spices, and herbs
  
                             After an afternoon at the beach, Beverly stopped at
                               a local restaurant for cioppino and coffee.
  
                              (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1992 and in Paideia
                               in 1997 - What’s for Lunch?  On the Colorado State Written Spelling
                               Test in 1985 and 2002.)
  
factoid        (FAK-toid)    n.    [<Latin + <French<Latin<Greek]
  
                         an invented fact believed to be true
                         because of its appearance in print
        
                            The politician’s speech contained factoid after factoid,
                            none of which had any basis in reality.
         
                     (The word was coined by Norman Mailer in his 1973 biography of Marilyn
                      Monroe.  Mailer described factoids as "facts which have no existence before
                      appearing in a magazine or newspaper."  The Washington Times described
                      Mailer’s new word as "something that looks like a fact, could be a fact, but
                      in fact is not a fact."  Here are two examples of widely published factoids:
 
                               "Cats and dogs are color blind."
 
                               "The Great Wall of China is the only man-made structure
                                that can be identified from the moon."
 
                      Unfortunately, misunderstanding of the real meaning of this word has led
                      to its having a second definition, "a briefly stated and usually trivial fact."
                      Appeared as a Scripps 4th grade grade-specific study word in 2013.  On
                      the 2013 City Written Spelling Test.)
 
raspberry        (RAZ-ber-ee)    n.    [<unknown + <English]
     
                            a small, juicy reddish fruit
      
                                The raspberry is highly prized for making jams and preserves.
    
                       (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1953 and in Paideia in 1997 -
                        What’s for Lunch?  On the City Written spelling test in 1999 and 2013 and
                        the Colorado State Written Test in 1964 and 2000.  This word was
                        submitted by Bryn Flanigan, 5th grader at Cory Elementary School.)
 
trellis        (TREL-uhs)    n.    [<English<French<Latin]
 
               a framework used as a screen or as a support for climbing plants
 
                  Ivy has started to grow on the trellis Mrs. Saunders placed next to her porch.
 
                             (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1953.) 
 
reveille        (REV-uh-lee)    n.    [<French<Latin]
 
                        a signal sounded on a bugle at about sunrise to
                        waken soldiers or summon them to the day’s duties
 
                         You’d better get to bed early, reveille will be sounded at 4:00 a. m.)
 
                 (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1953 and in PAIDEIA in 1999 -
                  Field of Champions.  On the Scripps National Spelling Bee written test in 2004
                  and the City Written spelling test in 2014.) 
 
oriole        (OHR-ee-uhl)    n.    [<French<Latin]
 
              a bright-orange and black American bird that builds a hanging nest
 
                            The Baltimore oriole is the official state bird of Maryland.
 
                               (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1953.) 
 
oriel        (OHR-ee-uhl)    n.    [<English<French<Latin]
 
              a large bay window of semihexagonal or semisquare plan projecting
                from the face of a wall and supported by a corbel or bracket
 
                      Beth set her chair in the pleasantly sunny oriel and sat down to read.
 
                     (First appeared in PAIDEIA in 1995 - Architecture.  The winning word 
                      for Himanvi Kopuri of Hamilton Middle School when she won the 2013
                      Colorado State Spelling Bee.) 
 
fallacy        (FAL-uh-see)    n.    [<Latin]
 
                        a false or erroneous idea
 
                         Although Ben’s argument may seem plausible, it is pure fallacy.
 
                           (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1974. 
                             On the DPS City Written Test in 2010 and 2014.)
  
voilà        (vwaw-LAW)    interjection    [<French]
 
              "Behold!"  "There it is!"  used to express appearance as if by magic
 
                        Hearing strange noises coming from the package, the child
                         opened it,and voilà, a puppy!
 
                    (This word was spelled correctly at the 2010 Colorado State Spelling Bee
                      by champion Brian King, 8th grader from Connections Academy.) 
  
rhinocerotiform        (ry-naws-uh-RAWT-uh-fohrm)    adj.    [<Latin]
 
                                    resembling a rhinoceros
 
                      Little Mary’s favorite pachyderm is a pink rhinocerotiform stuffed animal.
 
                            (This word was correctly spelled by Callie Brown of Hamilton Middle
                             School at the 2013 "City Orals" District Championship Spelling Bee.) 
 
jardinière        (jawr-duh-NIR), (jawr-duh-NER)    n.    [<French]
    
                            an ornamental stand for flowers;
                            a decorative ceramic flowerpot
    
                               Mrs. Jackson planted petunias in the jardinière
                                  which sits on her front porch.
   
                                (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1953 and in PAIDEIA
                                 in 1996 - Containers.  On the Colorado State Written Test in 1973.)
     
thylacine        (THY-luh-syn)    n.    [<Latin<Greek]
 
                      a now-extinct somewhat doglike carnivorous marsupial that
                      formerly inhabited Tasmania, also called the Tasmanian tiger
                      or Tasmanian wolf 
 
                                  The female thylacine had a rearward-opening pouch
                                  in which two to four young were carried.
 
                           (First appeared in PAIDEIA in 1997 - Mammals.  Tasmanian farmers,
                            fearing the animal was killing sheep and chickens, offered  bounties
                            for thylacines that were hunted and killed during the 17th century. 
                            The last known thylacine died at a zoo in Hobart in 1936. ) 
 


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