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                               "Famous" Semantics Words
                                  2011- 2012
            
kinesiology       (kuh-nee-see-AWL-uh-jee)    n.    [<Greek + <Greek]
             
                                     the study of the principles of mechanics and
                              anatomy in relation to human movement
           
                  All physical therapy students are required to take a course in kinesiology.
                         
                            (First appeared in PAIDEIA in 2003 - Hitting the Books.  On the 2010 
                             Scripps grade-specific word study list.  On the 2011 City Written
                             Spelling Test.)
            
WYSIWYG        (WIZ-ee-wig)    v.    [<what you see is what you get]
   
                         a display developed by word-processing or desktop
                         publishing software that exactly reflects the appearance
                         of the printed document
    
                              The main attraction of WYSIWYG is the ability of the user to be
                               be able to visualize what he is producing before it is printed.
                  
                   (An acronym.  The catch phrase "What you see is what you get" is attributed to
                    comedian Flip Wilson when dressed as his famous female character Geraldine
                    during the late 1960s.  Geraldine would use the phrase to excuse her quirky
                    behavior.  In 1971 it became the title of a hit song by The Dramatics.  On the
                    City Written spelling test in 2016.)
                        
chimerical        (ky-MER-uh-kuhl)    adj.    [<Latin<Greek]
     
                            unreal; imaginary; existing only as a product
                             of a wild unrestrained imagination
              
                                 Many video games pit the player against chimerical monsters.
                       
                     (From Chimera, a she-monster in Greek mythology represented as vomiting
                       flames and usually as having a lion’s head, a goat’s body, and a serpent’s
                       or dragon’s tail.  First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1956 and in
                       PAIDEIA in 2001 - Fabulous Words.  On the 1988 Colorado State Written
                       Test and the 2011 City Written Spelling Test.)
      
screeched        (skreecht)    v.    [<English]
             
                                uttered a high shrill piercing cry
                 
                                    The driver hit the brakes and the car screeched to a halt.
                
                          (Purported to be the longest everyday word in the English language  
                           with only one syllable, but there are a few others of equal length
                           such as "stretched" and "squelched."  First appeared in Words of 
                           the Champions in 1972.  On the City Written Spelling Test in
                           2011 and 2017.)
             
lachrymose        (LAK-ruh-mohs)    adj.    [<Latin]
             
                               tearful; sad; dismal; melancholy
                
                                    The lachrymose play ruined Samantha’s weekend.
              
                                 (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1953 and in PAIDEIA in
                                   1995 - Personality.  On the City Written Spelling Test in 2011 and
                                   the Colorado State Written Test in 1978, 1984, and 1995.)
             
jodhpurs        (JAWD-puhrz)    n. pl.    [<Jodhpur, former state in India]
                   
                           horseback riding pants made full above the knees
                            and close-fitting below
                
                  Both young and old equestrians wear jodhpurs during jumping competitions.
                
                        (On the Colorado State Written Test in 1965 and 1996.  First appeared
                          in Words of the Champions in 1979 and in PAIDEIA in 1999 - Head to Toe.)
               
zyzzogeton        (ziz-uh-JEE-tawn)    n.    [<Latin + <Greek]
              
                               a genus of large South American leafhoppers
              
                                     Although rare, a few samples of the insect zyzzogeton
                                          have been found in Colombia.
                
                          (The last word in Webster’s Third New Unabridged Dictionary, 2002 edition.)
            
agoraphobia        (ag-uh-ruh-FOH-bee-uh)    n.    [<Latin<Greek]
                  
                                  abnormal fear of crossing or being in the midst
                                   of open spaces
              
                                        Those with agoraphobia prefer to stay indoors.
                 
                                       (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1959. 
                                        On the Colorado State Written Spelling Test in 1982.)
             
pejorative        (puh-JOHR-uh-tiv)    adj.    [<Latin]
                 
                              having a tendency to make or become worse;
                               disparaging; derogatory
             
                                   The critic’s pejorative comments angered the entire cast.
                   
                              (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1980 and in PAIDEIA
                               in 2006 - Thumbs Up & Thumbs Down.  On the City Written Spelling
                               Test in 2006 and 2012.)
         
inchoate        (in-KOH-uht)    adj.    [<Latin]
           
                         just begun; rudimentary; not yet clearly formed
                  
          The songwriter explained that his melodies usually begin as inchoate humming.
                       
                   (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1953.  On the Colorado State
                    Written Test in 1973 and the City Written Spelling Test in 2012.)
    
sthenic        (STHEN-ik)    adj.    [<Latin<Greek]
          
                         marked by excessive vitality or nervous energy
            
       After graduating from obedience school, Fido’s sthenic symptoms finally subsided.
                  
                   (First appeared in PAIDEIA in 1995 - Personality. On the
                    Colorado State Written Test in 1972.)
               
diatryma        (dy-uh-TRY-muh)    n.    [<Latin<Greek]
              
                   a genus of large flightless Eocene birds from Wyoming
                   to New Mexico having much reduced wings, a large head
                   and powerful beak, and long massive legs
            
                          The modern Australian bustard is the closest surviving bird related
                           to the prehistoric diatryma.
            
nebuchadnezzar        (neb-uh-kuhd-NEZ-uhr)    n.   
                                                    [<Nebuchadnezzar II, Babylonian king, d. 562 b.c.]
          
                                      an oversize wine bottle holding about 20 quarts
            
                   The best man brought a nebuchadnezzar of champagne to the reception.
                  
                                                    (On the 2012 City Written Spelling Test.)
      
caisson        (KAY-sawn)    n.    [<French<Old Provençal<Latin]
          
                         a two-wheeled wagon with a chest for ammunition;
                         a watertight box for underwater construction work
            
                       A caisson is sometimes used to carry the coffin in a military funeral.
                  
                  (The word missed by Jacob Durso-Sabina of Morey Middle School when he
                   finished runner-up in the 2011 Colorado State Spelling Bee.  First appeared
                   Words of the Champions in 1953.  On the Colorado State Written Test 1n 2007
                   and the City Written Spelling Test in 2017.)
             
extirpate        (EKS-tuhr-payt)    v.    [<Latin]
          
                      to pull out by the roots; to eradicate; to destroy completely
            
                                Rachel made it her mission to extirpate every weed in the lawn.
                  
                           (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1978 and in PAIDEIA in
                            1995 - Plants.  On the Colorado State Written Test in 1985 and 2011.)
   
proboscis        (proh-BAWS-uhs), (proh-BAWS-kuhs)    n.    [<Latin<Greek]
          
                    the trunk of an elephant; the long snout of tapirs and
                    shrews; any elongated snout; a sucking organism in insects
            
                                         An elephant’s proboscis can support great weight.
                  
                            (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1953 and in PAIDEIA
                             in 1995 - Odors.  On the City Written Spelling Test in 1989 and 1996.
                             On the Colorado State Written Test in 2007 and 2011.)
       
anachronism        (uh-NAK-ruh-niz-uhm)    n.    [<Greek]
          
                               anything out of its proper historical time; a person
                               or thing that is chronologically out of place
            
                It would be an anachronism to say that Joan of Arc rode into battle in a jeep.
                  
                             (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1953, in PAIDEIA in 
                              2004 - It’s About Time, and in Spell It! in 2007 - Words from Greek.)
    
pomegranate        (PAWM-gran-uht)    n.    [<English<French<Latin]
          
                               a round, red fruit with a hard rind and many seeds
            
                                            The bright red blotches on Henry’s skin testified
                                            to his having eaten a pomegranate.
                  
                                        (First appeared in Words of the Champions in 1988 
                                          and in PAIDEIA in 1995 - Plants.)
      
aposiopesis        (ap-uh-sy-uh-PEE-suhs)    n.    [<Latin<Greek]
          
               the sudden breaking off of a thought in the middle of a sentence
               as though the speaker were unwilling or unable to continue
            
                                       The author uses aposiopesis for rhetorical effect, leaving
                                       the conclusion of the sentence to the reader’s imagination.
              
                     Examples:
  
                   "Well, I lay if I get a hold of you I’ll--."     - Mark Twain in Tom Sawyer
   
                   "His behavior was--but I blush to mention that."
   
                   "They couldn’t hit an elephant at this dist..."   
                                                            -last words of Gen. John Sedgwick
                                                             killed in battle during the U. S. Civil War
       
                               (First appeared in PAIDEIA in 1997 - Literary Terms.)
  
cinephile        (SIN-uh-fyl)    n.    [<French + <Greek]
          
                          a movie lover
            
                  Although Julie is a cinephile, she had mixed reactions to the Matrix series.
                  
                             (First appeared in PAIDEIA in 2003 - That’s Entertainment.)
     


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